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Hogwarts, A History

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Master Timeline [Sep. 19th, 2004|03:33 am]
Hogwarts, A History

a_history

[shakespearechic]
Here is the Master Timeline of the project. An asterisk (*) denotes an event in Wizarding history.



CHAPTER 1: Pre-history/Camelot

Sometime between 490 and 516 - Battle of Mount Badon in which the
Saxon raiders were defeated and forced to come to an accommodation
with the Romano-British elite.

542: Battle of Camlann and, presumably, the death of King Arthur

782 - Charlemagne summons the monk and scholar Alcuin of York to head
the palace school at Aachen: revival of learning in Europe

*900s: beginning of the annual broom race in Sweden from Kopparberg to
Arjeplog, a distance of about 300 miles

924 - Athelstan, son of Edward the Elder, becomes king of Wessex and
effective ruler of most of England (to 939)

926 - Athelstan annexes Northumbria, and forces the kings of Wales,
Strathclyde, the Picts, and the Scots to submit to him

937 - Battle of Brunanburh: Athelstan defeats alliance of Scots,
Celts, Danes, and Vikings, and takes the title of "King of all
Britain"

939 - Edmund, brother of Athelstan, King of England (to 946)



CHAPTER 2: 941-1100

*962: witches and wizards were using primitive broomsticks for
transportation, but these broomsticks were far from perfect; a German
illuminated manuscript shows wizards dismounting early flying
broomsticks in pain

978 - Edward the Martyr murdered at Corfe Castle; AEthelred II, the
Unready (ill-counselled), younger brother of Edward the Martyr, King
of England (to 1016)

1000's: the beginnings of Quidditch - Gertie Keddle, living near
Queerditch Marsh, writes about some local witches and wizards playing
a new game on broomsticks; this game evolves over the next few
centuries into the game of Quidditch

1066 - Harold II is crowned king the day after Edward the Confessor
dies. Tostig and Harold Hardraada of Norway invade England: Harold
defeats them at the Battle of Stamford Bridge, killing both; Battle of
Hastings: 19 days after battle of Stamford Bridge, William of Normandy
lands at Pevensey, defeats and kills Harold; William I, the Conqueror,
first Norman King of England (to 1087)

1067 - Work is begun on building the Tower of London.

1072 - William invades Scotland, and also receives the submission of Hereward
the Wake.

1086 - Domesday Book is completed in England


CHAPTER 3: 1101-1288

1114 - Matilda (Maud), daughter of Henry I of England marries Emperor Henry V

1118 - Hugues de Payens founds the order of Knights of Templars

1120 - William, heir of Henry I of England, is drowned in wreck of the
"White Ship"

1155 - Henry II appoints the Archdeacon of Canterbury, Thomas a
Becket, as Chancellor

1159 - Henry II levies scutage, payment in cash instead of military service

1162 - Becket is appointed Archbishop of Canterbury and at once
quarrels with Henry II over the Church's rights

*1163- Puddlemere United is formed, the oldest team in the British and
Irish League (QA36)

1170 - Becket is reconciled with Henry II, returns to Canterbury; is
murdered by four knights after Henry's hasty words against him

1173 - Rebellion of Henry's eldest sons, Henry, Richard, and Geoffrey,
supported by their mother, Eleanor of Aquitaine; Thomas a Becket
canonized

1191 - The bodies of King Arthur and Guinevere were reported to have
been exhumed from a grave at Glastonbury Abbey; Richard I conquers
Cyprus and captures the city of Acre

*1203: Holyhead Harpies Quidditch team is formed; they hire only witches

1213 - Innocent III declares John deposed; John resigns his kingship
to the pope and receives it back as a holding from the Roman legate,
thereby ending the interdict.

1215 - Signing of Magna Carta; English barons force John to agree to a
statement of their rights

*1269 - Introduction of the Golden Snidget to the game of Quidditch -
At a Quidditch match, Chief Barberus Bragge of the Wizard's Council
released a Golden Snidget and offered 150 Galleons to which ever
player caught it; this proved so popular that a new position was added
to Quidditch teams, the "Hunter," whose sole task was to catch a
Golden Snidget released onto the pitch during the game


CHAPTER 4: 1289-1320

*1289 - International Warlock Convention (CS9)

1291 - Scots acknowledge Edward I of England as suzerain; he
arbitrates in succession dispute

*1294 - Triwizard Tournament established between Hogwarts,
Beauxbatons, and Durmstrang schools of wizardry

1295 - Model Parliament of Edward I : knights and burgesses from
English shires and towns summoned. First representative parliament

1296 - Edward I of England deposes John Balliol from Scottish throne

1297 - Battle of Cambuskenneth: Scottish patriot William Wallace
defeats English army

1298 - Edward I defeats Wallace at battle of Falkirk and reconquers Scotland

*1300's - Elfrida Clagg becomes Chief of the Wizards' Council, bans
Snidget in Quidditch; Witch burnings; Muggles were particularly afraid
of magic but not very good at recognizing it, Wendolin the Weird
burned at the stake 47 times in various disguises (Flame Freezing
Charm)

*Before 1320 - Floo Powder is invented


CHAPTER 5: 1321-1419

1326 - Nicholas Flamel born in France

1348 - Edward III establishes the Order of the Garter; Black Death
(bubonic plague) reaches England

1387 - Geoffrey Chaucer begins work on The Canterbury Tales

1419 - the Wizards Council declares that Quidditch should not be
played "anywhere near anyplace where there is the slightest chance
that a Muggle might be watching or we'll see how well you can play
whilst chained to a dungeon wall."


CHAPTER 6: 1420-1485

1429 - A French force, led by military commander Joan of Arc (Jeanne
d'Arc), relieves the siege of Orleans; Charles VII crowned king of
France at Rheims

1430 - Burgundians capture Jeanne d'Arc and hand her over to the English

1431 - Jeanne d'Arc burned as a witch at Rouen; Henry VI of England
crowned king of France in Paris

1454 - Richard, Duke of York, is regent of England while Henry VI is
insane; Printing with movable type is perfected in Germany by Johannes
Gutenberg

1455 - Henry VI recovers. Richard of York is replaced by Somerset and
excluded from the Royal Council; War of the Roses - civil wars in
England between royal houses of York and Lancaster (until 1485);
Battle of St. Albans. Somerset defeated and killed

1460 - Battle of Wakefield. Richard of York is defeated and killed;
Earl of Warwick (the Kingmaker) captures London for the Yorkists;
Battle of Northampton: Henry VI is captured by Yorkists

1473 - first ever Quidditch World Cup Match game during which occurred
every one of the seven hundred ways to commit a Quidditch foul

1483 - Death of Edward IV; Edward V, King of England; he is deposed by
his uncle, Richard Duke of Gloucester; Richard III, King of England
(to 1485); Edward V and his brother are murdered in the Tower of
London

1484 - Caxton prints Morte D'Arthur, the poetic collection of legends
about King Arthur compiled by Sir Thomas Malory


CHAPTER 7: 1486-1560

1492 - Sir Nicholas deMimsy-Porpington beheaded (nearly)

1487 - Battle of Stoke Field: In final engagement of the Wars of the
Roses, Henry VII, defeats Yorkist army "led" by Lambert Simnel (who
was impersonating Edward, the nephew of Edward IV, the only plausible
royal alternative to Henry, who was confined in the Tower of London).

1496 - Henry VII joins the Holy League; commercial treaty between
England and Netherlands.

1497 - John Cabot discovers Newfoundland

1509 - Henry VIII, becomes king.

1517 - The Protestant Reformation begins; Martin Luther nails his "95
Theses" against the Catholic practice of selling indulgences, on the
church door at Wittenberg

1533 - Henry VIII marries Anne Boylen, later suspected, along with her
sister, of being a witch; Elizabeth born in September

1536 - Anne Boleyn is beheaded; Henry VIII marries Jane Seymour;
dissolution of monasteries in England begins under the direction of
Thomas Cromwell, completed in 1539.

1553 - John Dudley, earl of Warwick, reportedly uses aid of witch to
concoct potions to keep King Edward alive; it reportedly prolongs his
life for a few weeks

1554-1558 - Elizabeth not at court

1555 - England returns to Roman Catholicism: Protestants are
persecuted and about 300, including Archbishop Cranmer, Archbishop
Cranmer publishes Forty-two Articles of religion, are burned at the
stake

1558 - Elizabeth takes the throne

1560 - Mungo Bonham, the founder of St. Mungo's Hospital for Magical
Ailments and Injuries, is born


CHAPTER 8: 1561-1650

1600 - Elizabeth I grants charter to East India Company

1601 - Elizabethan Poor Law charges the parishes with providing for
the needy; Essex attempts rebellion, and is executed

1603 - Elizabeth dies; James VI of Scotland becomes James I of England

1605 - Gunpowder Plot; Guy Fawkes and other Roman Catholic
conspirators fail in attempt to blow up Parliament and James I.

1607 - Parliament rejects proposals for union between England and
Scotland; colony of Virginia is founded at Jamestown by John Smith;
Henry Hudson begins voyage to eastern Greenland and Hudson River

1620 - Pilgrims land at Plymouth Rock on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, in
the "Mayflower"; found New Plymouth

1629 - Charles I dissolves Parliament and rules personally until 1640

pre-1629 - Committee on Expreimental Charms created

1630 - England makes peace with France and Spain

1637 - Werewolf Code of Conduct created

1639 - First Bishops' War between Charles I and the Scottish Church;
ends with Pacification of Dunse

1640 - Charles I summons the "Short " Parliament ; dissolved for
refusal to grant money; Second Bishops' War; ends with Treaty of
Ripon; The Long Parliament begins.

1641 - Triennial Act requires Parliament to be summoned every three
years; Star Chamber and High Commission abolished by Parliament


CHAPTER 9: 1651-1689

1645 - Formation of Cromwell's New Model Army; Battle of Naseby;
Charles I defeated by Parliamentary forces

1646 - Charles I surrenders to the Scots

1647 - Scots surrender Charles I to Parliament; he escapes to the Isle
of Wright; makes secret treaty with Scots.

1648 - Scots invade England and are defeated by Cromwell at battle of
Preston Pride's Purge: Presbyterians expelled from Parliament (known
as the Rump Parliament); Treaty of Westphalia ends Thirty Years' War

1649 - Charles I is tried and executed; Oliver Cromwell takes power,
and later becomes Lord Protector

1658 - Oliver Cromwell dies; succeeded as Lord Protector by son Richard

1660 - Charles II returns, crowned as king

1664 - England siezes New Amsterdam from the Dutch, change name to New York

1665 - Great Plague in London

1666 - Great Fire of London

1673 - Test Act aims to deprive English Roman Catholics and
Nonconformists of public office

1678 - 'Popish Plot' in England; Titus Oates falsely alleges a
Catholic plot to murder Charles II

1679 - Act of Habeas Corpus passed, forbidding imprisonment without
trial; Parliament's Bill of Exclusion against the Roman Catholic Duke
of York blocked by Charles II; Parliament dismissed; Charles II
rejects petitions calling for a new Parliament; petitioners become
known as Whigs; their opponents (royalists) known as Tories

1688 - England's 'so-called Glorious Revolution'; William III of Orange is
invited to save England from Roman Catholicism, lands in England,
James II flees to France

1689 - Convention Parliament issues Bill of Rights; establishes a
constitutional monarchy in Britain; bars Roman Catholics from the
throne; William III and Mary II become joint monarchs of England and
Scotland (to1694), Toleration Act grants freedom of worship to
dissenters in England


chapter 10: 1690-1743

1692 - International Statute of Wizarding Secrecy goes into effect - A
summit meeting of the International Confederation of Wizards takes
place. The discussion about magical creatures lasts seven weeks and
includes delegations of goblins, centaurs, and merpeople. The result
of this summit is the International Statute of Wizarding Secrecy,
which effectively hid the Wizarding community away from the Muggles.

1709 - Warlock's Convention outlaws dragon breeding in UK

1712 - The first steam engine invented

pre-1729 - properties of Gillyweed discovered

pre-1743 - Society for the Reformation of Hags created


CHAPTER 11: 1744-1792

1750 - Clause 73 added to International Code of Wizarding Secrecy
which made it the responsibility of each nation's Ministry of Magic to
work to conceal the magical creatures living within their borders.

1752 - Calendar reform - Gregorian reforms of 1582 fully accepted in
Britain (and the American colonies). As a result, New Year's Day was
decreed to be 1 January and not 25 March and eleven days were removed
from the calendar (3-13 September 1752) - Question: did the wizarding
world make this change? If so, when?

1753 - British Museum founded

1775 - 1783: American Revolution for Independence

1788 - British colonization of the Antipodes as a penal colony;
Quidditch had already been introduced in New Zealand in the 1600s.

1792 - Triwizard Tournament - heads of the schools were injured when a
cockatrice went on a rampage


CHAPTER 12: 1793-1837
1797 - First £1 banknotes

pre-1798 - Sneakerscope invented

pre-1799 - a Ukrainian Ironbelly dragon carries off a sailing ship;
fortunately there was no one aboard at the time

1807 - slave trade ended in British Empire; by 1833, slavery itself
was ended within the Empire

1811 - Grogan Stump is appointed Minister of Magic - He comes up with
several important improvements to the governance of the Wizarding
World, including a workable definition of "Beast" and "Being" and a
special division for ghosts in the Department for the Regulation and
Control of Magical Creatures.

Between 1823 & 1893 - love potions invented

1825 - Stockton to Darlington Railway

1837 - Queen Victoria takes the throne, marries Albert three years later.


CHAPTER 13: 1838-1901

1850 - Factory Act restricted all women and young people to no more
than ten-and-a-half hours work a day.

1851 - Great Exhibition in London

1860 Albus Dumbledore born

1870 - Elected school boards were permitted to levy money for fees and
given powers to enforce attendance of most children below the age of
thirteen

pre-1882 - Dungbombs invented

1884 - a Snitch escapes during a match; it is supposedly still on the marshes

1888 - Jack the Ripper rampages

1901 - Marconi made his first transatlantic airwave transmission of a
message in Morse code


CHAPTER 14: 1902-1944

1914 - 1918 - World War

1921 - "Irish Free State" established

1922 - BBC founded; wireless existed in Muggle world since at least mid-1910's

1926 - Cleansweep Company (broom-makers) founded

1927 or 1927 - Tom Riddle born

1927 - Fantastic Beasts (1st Ed.) published

1932 - The Ilfracombe Incident - A rogue Welsh Green dragon descended
on a beach full of Muggle holidaymakers. Tilly Toke and her family
happened to be there. She was awarded the Order of Merlin First Class
for saving Muggle lives. The Toke family cast the largest Mass Memory
Charm of this century on all the Muggles of Ilfracombe. The Muggles
now remember nothing of the incident, with the exception of an old
fellow now called Dodgy Dirk, who still claims that a "dirty great
flying lizard" attacked him on the beach. People think he's crazy, of
course

1935 - first Atlantic broom crossing by Jacunda Sykes on an Oakshaft 79

1939-1944 World War II


CHAPTER 15: 1945-1982

1942 - Tom Riddle releases Basilisk in Hogwarts; nobody at Hogwarts,
other than possibly Myrtle, whose details of the event are vague,
knows this at the time

1947 - Creation of the Werewolf Register by Newt Scamander of the
Department for the Regulation and Control of Magical Creatures

1957 - European Union created

1960 - 1961 - Marauders, Snape, Lily Evans born

1965 - the Ban on Experimental Breeding is passed

1969-1970 - Voldemort begins reign of terror

1971 - Whomping Willow planted

Winter 1973 - 1974 - Severe power crisis

1979 - Margret Thatcher becomes Prime Minister

1980 - Harry Potter born

1981 - Voldemort "defeated"

1982 - Faulklands War
linkReply

Comments:
[User Picture]From: fade_forever
2005-08-10 12:57 pm (UTC)
harry potter cant have been born in 1980! it was 1986, i'm sure.
(Reply) (Thread)
From: cobweb_surprise
2006-04-12 02:04 am (UTC)
nope, look on wikipedia, his age, year in school, and the year all end in the same number
(Reply) (Thread)